We understand that not everyone knows or understands terms used in association with the Black Lives Matter movement. Because of this, we have pulled together a glossary full of all of the different terms and their meanings.

If you come across a term that may be missing, please get in touch with us at so we can add it to the list.




Active Bystander

Somebody who witnesses a situation and takes steps to speak up or step in to keep a situation from escalating or to disrupt a problematic situation.


A person that is not a member of an underrepresented group but takes action to support them.


An acornym that stands for: Black, Aisain and Minority Ethnic


A member of a dark-skinned people.

Cultural Appreciation

When someone seeks to learn about another culture to deepen their understanding and connect with others cross-culturally.

Cultural Appropriation

Taking an aspect of a culture that is not your own and using it for your own personal interest.


Treating someone unfairly based on their protected characteristics.


Relating to a particular race of people.


A form of emotional manipulation where someone makes you question your own memory, preception and/or judgement.


Subtle negative, hostile and derogotory 'put-downs'. Examples include: 

  • "Where are you really from?"

  • "I'm not racist, I have Black friends."

  • "Everyone can succeed in this society, if they work hard enough."


Dicrimination directed against people based off their membership to a particular racial or ethnic group.

White Privilege

The institutional set of beliefs that benefits people who dominate the powerful positions in our institution. 

White Gaze

The idea that the media and literature centers and prioritises the white viewer regardless of who produces it.